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Acute Kidney Failure




Introduction of Acute kidney failure. 
Kidneys stop filtering blood with in few days. 
AKI normally happens as a complication of another serious illness. It's not the result of a physical blow to the kidneys, as the name might suggest. 
Symptoms of Acute kidney failure. 

  • Decreased urine output. 
  • Fluid retention, causing swelling in your legs, ankles or feet 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Fatigue, Confusion, Nausea,Weakness . 
  • Irregular heartbeat  
  • Chest pain or pressure  
  • Seizures or coma in severe cases  
Causes of Acute kidney failure. 

  • Low blood volume 
  • The heart pumping out less blood than normal  
  • Problems with the blood vessels 
  • Certain medicines 
  • Enlarged prostate 
  • Kidney stones 
Risk factors of Acute kidney failure. 

  • Being hospitalized, 
  • Advanced age 
  • Blockages in the blood vessels  
  • Diabetes 
  • High blood pressure 
  • Heart failure 
  • Kidney diseases 
  • Liver diseases 
  • Certain cancers and their treatments 
Diagnosis of Acute kidney failure. 

  • Physical examination 
  • Urine output measurements. 
  • Urine tests 
  • Blood tests 
  • Imaging tests 
  • Biopsy  
Treatment of Acute kidney failure. 

  • Treating the underlying cause  
  • Treating complications until your kidneys recover 
  • Dialysis 
  • Kidney Transplant 

Medicines & Drugs (A-Z)