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Bloody Nose (Nosebleed) - What are the causes?

Bloody Nose (Nosebleed) 
Nosebleeds, also called epistaxes (ep-ih-STAK-seez), involve bleeding from the inside of your nose. Many people have occasional nosebleeds, particularly younger children and older adults. 
The nose is a part of the body that is very rich in blood vessels (vascular) and is situated in a vulnerable position on the face. 
Although nosebleeds may be scary, they're generally only a minor annoyance and aren't dangerous. Frequent nosebleeds are those that occur more than once a week. 

The two most common causes of nosebleeds are: 

Dry air — when nasal membranes dry out, crust, and crack, as is common in dry climates, or during the winter months when the air is dry and warm from household heaters. 

Nose picking - Nose-picking is the act of extracting nasal mucus with finger. It can cause trama to nose and bleeding. 

Other predisposing factors include infection, trauma, allergic and non-allergic rhinitishypertensionalcohol abuse, and inherited bleeding problems.

How to stop nosebleed 

To stop a nosebleed, you should:  
1. Pinch all the soft parts of the nose together between your thumb and index finger.  
2. Press firmly toward the face - compressing the pinched parts of the nose against the bones of the face.  
3. Hold the nose for at least 5 minutes (timed by the clock). Repeat as necessary until the nose has stopped bleeding.  
4. Sit quietly, keeping the head higher than the level of the heart; that is, sit up or lie with the head elevated. Do not lay flat or put your head between your legs.  
5. Apply ice (crushed in a plastic bag or washcloth) to nose and cheeks. 



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