What is Vaginitis?
Vaginitis, also called vulvovaginitis, is a medical term used to describe various disorders that cause infection or inflammation of the vagina.
It can result in discharge, itching and pain, and is often associated with an irritation or infection of the vulva. Infected women may also be asymptomatic.
In some cases, vaginitis results from organisms that are passed between sexual partners and from vaginal dryness and lack of estrogen.
What are the different types and causes of vaginitis?
The most common types of vaginitis are:
Bacterial vaginosis, which results from a change of the normal bacteria found in your vagina to overgrowth of other organisms. Many things can change the balance of bacteria, including
Using an intrauterine device (IUD)
Having unprotected sex with a new partner
Having many sexual partners
Yeast infections, which are usually caused by a naturally occurring fungus called Candida albicans. Candida is the scientific name for yeast. It is a fungus that lives almost everywhere, including in your body. You may have too much growing in the vagina because of
Diabetes, especially if it is not well-controlled
Trichomoniasis, which is caused by a parasite and is commonly transmitted by sexual intercourse.
You can also have vaginitis if you are allergic or sensitive to certain products that you use. Examples include vaginal sprays, douches, spermicides, soaps, detergents, or fabric softeners. They can cause burning, itching, and discharge.