Joint Replacement of Hip
In a total hip replacement (also called total hip arthroplasty), the damaged bone and cartilage is removed and replaced with prosthetic components. The damaged femoral head is removed and replaced with a metal stem that is placed into the hollow center of the femur.
Chronic pain and impairment of daily function of patients with severe hip arthritis are reasons for considering treatment with total hip replacement.
Complications and risks of total hip replacement surgery have been identified.
Preoperative banking of the blood of patients planning total hip replacement is considered when possible. This blood can be used for transfusion if needed (autologous transfusion).
Physical therapy is an essential part of rehabilitation after a total hip replacement.
Patients with artificial joints are generally recommended to take antibiotics before, during, and after any elective invasive procedures.