There's currently no cure for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), and it isn't possible to stop cysts forming in the kidneys.
Medicines can control high blood pressure in autosomal recessive PKD, and antibiotics can control urinary tract infections. Eating increased amounts of nutritious food improves growth in children with autosomal recessive PKD. In some cases, growth hormones are used. In response to kidney failure, autosomal recessive PKD patients must receive dialysis or transplantation. If serious liver disease develops, some people can undergo combined liver and kidney transplantation.
If you have polycystic kidney disease and a family history of ruptured brain (intracranial) aneurysms, your doctor may recommend regular screening for intracranial aneurysms.
If an aneurysm is discovered, surgical clipping of the aneurysm to reduce the risk of bleeding may be an option, depending on its size. Nonsurgical treatment of small aneurysms may involve controlling high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, as well as quitting smoking.
Tolvaptan is a medication can be used to slow down the growth of cysts, reducing overall kidney growth and preserving kidney function for longer. However, tolvaptan can only be used in adults who have:
Chronic kidney disease (stage two or three) at the start of treatment
Evidence of rapidly progressing kidney disease